Despite the employment decline since 1998, Oregon still has a high concentration of primary metal manufacturing employment, nearly twice the national average.
Two out of three jobs in Oregon's primary metal manufacturing sector were at foundries of ferrous and nonferrous metals in 2012. Ferrous metal foundries comprise 43 percent of Oregon's total primary metal manufacturing employment; that compares with 18 percent nationally. Nonferrous metal foundries comprise 24 percent of the industry's total employment in Oregon; that compares with 13 percent in the U.S.
With older workers comprising such a large share of primary metal manufacturing's workforce, younger workers are underrepresented in the industry. Workers in the industry in their teens barely show up on Graph 3. The industry has a smaller share of workers in their twenties and early thirties compared with Oregon's total private-sector workforce. The industry also has a smaller share of workers ages 65 and older compared with Oregon's private sector.
More than four out of five (82%) workers in Oregon's primary metal manufacturing industry are men. Across all industries in Oregon's private sector, men comprise 51 percent of the workforce. Looking at Oregon's manufacturing sector as a whole, 73 percent of the workforce are men.
The primary metal manufacturing industry has many jobs that pay well. The average annual wage for all jobs in Oregon was $44,273 in 2012. The average wage in primary metal manufacturing in 2012 was $69,883; nearly $26,000 or 58 percent more than Oregon's average wage. The industry's average wage was also higher than Oregon's average manufacturing wage of $62,161 in 2012.
Table 1 shows the largest occupations within Oregon's primary metal manufacturing industry along with the average wage for those occupations (across all industries). None of the occupations listed comprise more than 6 percent of the industry's total employment. In fact, these 11 occupations only comprise 42 percent of the industry's total employment. Some industries have a relatively small number of occupations that comprise the majority of the jobs within an industry. Primary metal manufacturing requires many different occupations, with no single occupation dominating the industry employment. There are more than 100 different occupations represented within this industry.
|Largest Primary Metal Occupations in Oregon|
|Title||2010 Employment||Percent of Industry Employment||2013 Ocupational Average (Mean) Wage|
|Molding, Coremaking, and Casting Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic||440||6%||$16.82|
|Inspectors, Testers, Sorters, Samplers, and Weighers||427||6%||$17.99|
|Grinding, Lapping, Polishing, and Buffing Machine Tool Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic||412||5%||$17.50|
|Welders, Cutters, Solderers, and Brazers||331||4%||$18.24|
|Supervisors and Managers of Production and Operating Workers||325||4%||$26.55|
|Industrial Machinery Mechanics||271||4%||$26.04|
|Foundry Mold Makers and Coremakers||268||4%||NA|
|Metal-Refining Furnace Operators and Tenders||209||3%||NA|
|Extruding and Drawing Machine Setters, Operators, and Tenders, Metal and Plastic||169||2%||$17.44|
|Production Worker's Helpers||155||2%||$13.77|