Size of Firm Report 2018 – Wallowa County

by Christopher Rich

November 29, 2018

Roughly 90 percent of Wallowa County’s privately owned firms employed fewer than 10 workers in the first quarter of 2018. Altogether, these small firms accounted for slightly less than half of the county’s private-sector workforce and 43 percent of private-sector wages. The majority of firms employed from one to four workers and the second largest group of firms had zero employees. The third largest group of firms employed from five to nine workers.

Firms with zero employees accounted for a relatively large portion of private-sector firms; roughly one out of every four and a half firms. For this report, a firm was designated a size class based on their March 2018 employment level. The majority of firms in Wallowa County with zero employees in March had from one to four employees in one or more months during 2017. Some of these firms had from one to four employees in January or February 2018, but none in March. Many firms in this size class are in seasonal industries. They likely hire a small number of workers during peak season, or for special projects, and let them go when demand has softened.
The other side of the story is that 10 percent of Wallowa County’s privately owned firms employed 10 or more workers. These 36 firms accounted for slightly more than half of Wallowa’s private-sector workforce and 57 percent of private-sector wages. The county’s 12 largest firms, those employing from 20 to 49 workers and those employing from 50 to 99 workers, accounted for 32 percent of private-sector employment and 38 percent of private-sector wages.


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