Umatilla County’s Per Capita Personal Income Rose Moderately in 2017

by Dallas Fridley

March 8, 2019

Umatilla County’s per capita personal income ranked 33rd among Oregon’s 36 counties in 2017, at $37,964. Umatilla County lagged the state’s per capita personal income by nearly $10,200. Washington County’s per capita income led the state, at $57,331, while Columbia Basin neighbor Morrow County ranked 22nd at $40,309. On a nominal basis, Umatilla County’s total personal income reached $2.9 billion in 2017 with 76,985 residents, while Oregon’s totaled $199.4 billion and its population rose to 4,142,776.
Net earnings by place of residence represented 58 percent of Umatilla County’s total personal income in 2017, at $1.7 billion. On a per capita basis, Umatilla County’s net earnings ranked 19th in Oregon at $22,008, producing a gap of about -$7,200 compared with the state. Only five counties – Washington, Clackamas, Multnomah, Hood River, and Deschutes – held an advantage in net earnings. Per capita incomes in Washington, Clackamas, and Multnomah counties ranked one through three in 2017, Hood River County ranked fourth and Deschutes County ranked fifth. Morrow County’s net earnings ranked in the upper-third, placing 11th among Oregon counties at $25,539 per capita, while lagging the state by about $3,700.

Dividends, interest, and rent brought in $479.8 million or about 16 percent of Umatilla County’s 2017 personal income total. On a per capita basis, Umatilla County ranked fourth from the bottom among Oregon counties (33rd) at $6,233, lagging Oregon by about $3,600. Ten Oregon counties held a per capita advantage over the state, with more than two-thirds lagging. Deschutes County led the state, with $12,221 per capita coming from dividends, interest, and rent. In Morrow County, dividends, interest, and rent ranked 35th at $5,800 per capita, nearly $4,000 below Oregon’s $9,793.
Transfer receipts represented about 26 percent of Umatilla County’s personal income total at $748.6 million. On a per capita basis, Umatilla County placed in the lower-third, ranking 27th out of 36 counties in 2017 at $9,724. Umatilla County exceeded Oregon’s transfer receipts per capita by about $600 in 2017. All but eight of Oregon’s counties held a per capita advantage over the state, with transfer receipts in six metro counties (Clackamas, Multnomah, Washington, Benton, Yamhill, and Polk) and two rural (Hood River and Morrow) lagging. Morrow County fell $130 shy of Oregon’s transfer receipts per capita, ranking 30th.

Umatilla County’s per capita personal income rose by $1,158 in 2017, an increase of 3.1 percent. Umatilla County’s population rose by 336 residents, an over-the-year increase of just 0.4 percent. Between 2012 and 2017, Umatilla County’s per capita income ranking ranged from a high of 27th in 2012 to a low of 33rd in 2014 through 2017.

On a nominal basis, Umatilla County’s total personal income rose by $101.5 million in 2017, an over-the-year gain of 3.6 percent. Looking at Umatilla County’s major income components, net earnings rose by $59.7 million (+3.6%) in 2017; dividends, interest, and rent rose by $22.5 million (+4.9%); and transfer payments increased by $19.4 million (+2.7%).

Since 2007, Umatilla County’s total personal income grew by $848.0 million or about 41 percent, well below Oregon’s 49 percent increase ($65.6 billion). Adjustments to earnings for residence rose considerably over the decade. In 2007, net earnings in Umatilla County included a residency adjustment or inflow of $6.2 million, just $83 on a per capita basis. By 2017, Umatilla County’s net inflow of earnings rose to $81.9 million or $1,064 per capita.


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