Where Women Work in Yamhill County and How Much They EarnJune 27, 2016 Oregon's state employment economist, Nick Beleiciks, recently wrote an article looking at what industries Oregon's women work in and how much they earn. The main data source used in the article was the Local Employment Dynamics data that is produced in cooperation with the U.S. Census Bureau and state partners like the Oregon Employment Department. A great thing about the Local Employment Dynamics data is that it is available at the county level. So we can look at how women's employment in Yamhill County compares with Oregon.
Women working in Yamhill County held more than 13,000 jobs in 2014. That comprised 49 percent of the total jobs in Yamhill County. Statewide, women also held 49 percent of the total jobs in Oregon in 2014.
Women's average monthly earnings in 2014 were $2,699 in Yamhill County, 67 percent of the $4,002 average monthly earnings of men working in Yamhill County. Statewide, women in Oregon had monthly average earnings of $3,217, 68 percent of the $4,712 average monthly earnings of men. Yamhill County's average monthly earnings are less than the statewide average for both women and men.
The average monthly earnings data are useful, but the figures are not so useful in answering questions regarding gender wage inequality. Average monthly earnings do not take a number of other factors into account, such as the total hours a person worked and hourly wages.
Women's Employment by Industry
Women outnumbered men in nine of Yamhill County's 20 major industry sectors; statewide women outnumber men in five major industries. In Yamhill County's health care and social assistance industry 78 percent of the jobs were held by women. Women also make up a large majority in Yamhill County's finance and insurance industry, where nearly three out of four jobs are held by women and in the educational services industry, where women hold 67 percent of the jobs. These are the same industries where women hold the majority of jobs statewide as well.
At the other end of the spectrum, women held only 22 percent of Yamhill County's construction jobs and 23 percent of the county's transportation and warehousing jobs. That trend is similar statewide.
The industries that employ the most women in Yamhill County are health care and social assistance, educational services, and manufacturing. Women dominate the employment in health care and social assistance and educational services. Women hold roughly one-third (32%) of the jobs in Yamhill County's manufacturing sector, but the sector employs enough people that it is the third largest employing industry for women in Yamhill County.
Women's Average Earnings by Industry
Average monthly earnings for women were lower than for men in every industry; that is true both in Yamhill County and statewide.
In Yamhill County's mining, quarrying, and oil and gas extraction industry, the ratio of women's to men's earnings was 97 percent, the highest of all industries in Yamhill County. The industry also has the second highest earnings for women of any industry in the county. Women had average earnings of $3,845 a month. Unfortunately, jobs in the mining industry are not very plentiful; the industry employs less than 60 people and only 13 of those jobs are held by women.
In Yamhill County's accommodation and food services industry, the ratio of women's to men's earnings was 84 percent, the third highest of all industries in Yamhill County. That being said, the average monthly earnings in Yamhill County's accommodation and food services sector are the lowest of the county's 20 major industries, both for women and men. A high share of minimum or just-above-minimum wage jobs in this industry improves wage parity, because the wage floor must be followed regardless of gender.
The industry reporting the highest average monthly earnings for women in Yamhill County was utilities, with average earnings of $4,075 a month. That is 51 percent more than the $2,699 in average monthly earnings women earn across all industries in the county. Women working in Yamhill County's utilities industry earn 65 percent of what men earn in the industry.
Our website has a number of articles that address the topic of women in the workplace. Visit QualityInfo.org and search for "women" to see a list of available articles.
To explore and use data available from LED, visit lehd.ces.census.gov.